District at a glance

  •  Division: Central Assam
  •  Headquarter: Nagaon
  •  Sub-Divisions: 2
  •  Revenue Circles: 7
  •  Development Blocks: 13
  •  Geographical Area: 2287 sq. km
  •  Population: 1892550
  •  Literacy: 71%
  •  Revenue Villages: 960
  •  Panchayats: 169

Overview

Nagaon is a centrally located district in Assam, situated on the Southern bank of the Brahmaputra River between 25”45’ to 26”45’ North latitudes and 91”50’ and 93”20’ East longitude. It is bounded by Sonitpur and the Brahmaputra to the North, West Karbi Anglong, Hojai and Dima Hasao to the South, East Karbi Anglong and Golaghat to the East and Morigaon to the West.

Why visit Nagaon?

→ Rich in culture, spirituality, nature and wildlife

→Birth place of Srimanta Sankardeva ( Bardowa )

→ Mataji Gurudwara ( Chaparmukh )

→ Baptist Church ( Nagaon )

→ Barmasjid ( Jayantipur )

→ Kaziranga National Park ( Burhapar and Bagori )

→ Laokhowa Wildlife Danctuary ( Buffer of Kaziranga tiger Reserve)

→ Natural Waterfalls ( Chapanala )

→ Assamese Traditional Jewellery ( Ranthali )

→ Illustrated Manuscript ( Bali Satra )

Best Time to Visit ?

→ Winter : November – February

→ Summer : March – April

How to reach: By Road: There is very good availability of buses plying from Guwahati, Jorhat and Tezpur to Nagaon, There is flexibility of timings. Plenty of government and private buses travel between Guwahati and Nagaon. The district lies about 120 km east of Guwahati with an average travel time of 2 hours. Nagaon is round 190 km from Jorhat and 75 km from Tezpur. Taxies are available for hire from all major destinations to Nagaon.

By Train: There are several trains plying between Guwahati and Nagaon. It takes around 2 to 3 hours to reach Nagaon from Guwahati by train. Chaparmukh is the major railway junction located at a distance of 30 Km from Nagaon, near Raha. The district headquarter has two railway has two railway station at Nagaon and Haibargaon.

By Air: The nearest airport is Salonibari Airport, Tezpur in Sonitpur Distract located at a distance of 80 Km. The Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Guwahati ( 130 Km ) has a good flight connectivity with all major destinations throughout the country.

Weather: Summer Min Temp : 10 c Max Temp 35 c Monsoon : Min Temp 15 c max Temp 30 c Winter : Min Temp 5 c max Temp : 20 c Major Language Spoken: Assamese, Hindi and Bangali

Natural Tourism

A significant part of the Kaziranga National park and Tiger Reserve falls in Nagaon Kaziranga is UNESCO world heritage site and home to two-third of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceros population. The historical Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary of Nagaon is notified bugger of the kaziranga, Tiger Reserve. The sanctuary is blessed with a myrad of picturesque landscapes and many wildlife species such as Asiatic Wild Buffaloes, Royal Bengal Tigers, Indian Elephats, Wild Boars, Civets and more than 300 species of birds including the critically endangered Bengal Florican. Reserve forests such and Doboka, Suang, North Diju, Kamakhya, Bagser and Kukurakata offer immense potential for nature lovers to explore and trek, Wetlands, like Pokhi Tirtha ( Samaguri) Deobali and Hahila are home for many rare, endemic and migratory birdlife. Places such as Baduli Khurung, a cave home for thousands of bats, the Blue Water Lake, and natural waterfalls such as Deojuri, Chapanala and Hadhadi are major torist attractions for natural lovers.

History:

Till 1826, Nagaon was under the Burmese rule. It came under the British rule after the Yandaboo treaty was ratified. Nagaon was carved out as a separate administrative district unit in the year 1832. It took couple of years before the British finally settle on the present site of Nagaon town, on the bank of the Kalong River as the district headquarters in 1839. Known earlier as Khagorijan, the district headquarter was later renamed Nowgong and gradually it developed into a flourishing town.

It became a municipality in the year 1893. The eastern , western and southern fringes of the newly organized district were once ruled by different small feudal kings or their agents. An extensive and undulating plain intersected bby big and small hills and rivers- the geography of the segments determined who their masters ought to be. The residual effects of the rule of the Bhuyans were imaginatively utilized and reorganized by Momai Tamuli Barbarooah, an intrepid officer of the Ahom King Pratap Singa in the first half of the Seventeenth Century. This area, until then, was more of strategic than administrative concern. It was a newly organized village system- hence called “Nagaon”, Na meaning new.

Did you know?

Indian film actress Sharmila tagore’s maternal grandfather is noted Nagaon-born author Jnanadabhiram Barua.

Lakshminath Bezbaruah was born on a boat, as in stood moored in a sand bank of the Brahmaputra at Ahatgrui, near Raha on the Lakshmi Purnima nght, on 14 October , 1864 A.D.

“Raja Kheda Naganya”

Bhotai Deka a young patriot of Bhotai Gaon near Nagaon Town had brutally Killed Laluk Sola Borphukan in 1602 Saka( 1880 B.C ) And relieved the people from his atrocities. Sindhura Hazarika, another youth led the disgruntled villagers against the infakmous Ahom King Gaurinath Shiha who camped near Rupahi Village after Moamoriya rebellion and let loose a reign of terror. The king had to flee from his camp. So, the people of Nagaon are also known as “Raja Kheda Naganya” The female version of the evergreen Bollywood song Humein Tumse Pyaar Kitna from the Hindi film Kudrat was rendered by Padma Shri Parveen Sultan, who hails from Nagaon. Ananda Ram Dhekial Phookan was one of the pioneer of Assamese literature who started his literature life at the age of 17. He was appointed as junior Assistant commissioner of Nagaon. Bhogeswari Phukanani was shot dead at Barhampur, Nagaon when she tried to protect the honour of her grand daughter, Ratnamala, from whose hands the British had snatched away the Indian flag.